Comparison between Dedicated NVIDIA graphics card or integrated Intel HD chipset

Dedicated NVIDIA graphics card or integrated Intel HD chipset, which one will be better suited to my use?  

NVIDIA dedicated graphics card - Kiatoo

Graphics performance is very often an essential criterion of choice in the selection of a computer for users who are adept at video games and professional images.
It is, in fact, this component that manages the display of your system on your screen.
Three manufacturers are competing for the graphics card market: AMDNVIDIA and Intel.
The most powerful graphics cards are AMD and NVIDIA. However, it is the integrated graphics processors Intel HD Graphics that we find mainly in our computers.

A few months ago, we already covered the subject of Intel HD Graphics in detail on the blog. Today, we are discussing the difference between Intel HD and NVIDIA in terms of graphics performance, to determine the usage of each.

Nvidia: the leader in graphics cards

NVIDIA Logo - KiatooFounded in 1993 in California, NVIDIA is today the largest supplier of computer graphics cards in the world. Manufacturer of various electronic components (motherboard, processor, etc.), its main activity remains the production of graphics chips, and not that of graphics cards that it does not manufacture.
The American company owes its notoriety in particular to its GeForce and Quadro graphic card ranges, highly coveted by the gamer community and by image professionals.
NVIDIA graphics cards are particularly popular for their performance offering the best ultra HD resolutions and high computing frequency.
The brand offers a fairly wide range, from entry-level to high-end, for various uses and budgets.
NVIDIA has both integrated graphics processors (IGP) and dedicated graphics processors (GPU).

Intel HD Graphics: the benchmark for the integrated graphics processor

 

Intel Logo - KiatooIntel HD Graphics is a range of graphics processors invented by the American company Intel, also specialized in the manufacture of semiconductors, microprocessors, motherboards, etc.
Installed in the majority of current PCs, especially in portable PCsthe Intel HD has the particularity of being an integrated graphics processor (IGP) to the central processor, with which it shares the system’s RAM.
The Intel HD Graphics is perfect for basic computer use, office automation, video playback, web browsing. It is also appreciated for its low cost and energy savings.

In absolute terms, NVIDIA dedicated graphics cards offer better performance than HD Graphics integrated graphics processors. But, to truly judge the best graphics solutions on a case-by-case basis, it is important to be able to understand the performance of graphics cards and processors from their benchmark.

How to identify the performance of a graphics card (or graphics processor) from its reference?

There are so many models of graphics cards out there that make it difficult for the uninitiated user to understand this wealth of information. Especially since each manufacturer has set up its own nomenclature in a way that is not always very clear, a nomenclature that can be useful to decipher to determine its performance.

Understanding the performance of an NVIDIA graphics card

At NVIDIA, the nomenclature of graphics cards is quite easy to understand since it responds to a precise diagram and a fairly clear digital logic – but not always -.
Indeed, all the references of NVIDIA graphics cards are composed of an always unchanged name (GeForce), a prefix (GT, GTX, RTX), and a number with three or four digits, sometimes followed by a suffix.
Each of these elements being significant of the characteristics of the graphics card, we will analyze them in more detail.

In general, each prefix corresponds to a range of graphics cards:

  • GeForce GT corresponds to entry-level gaming.
  • GeForce GTX corresponds to gaming cards.
  • GeForce RTX, the latest gaming series released based on the Turing architecture. These cards offer exceptional performance on the latest games, especially those including Ray Tracing technology.

As for the NVIDIA Quadro series, it corresponds to the range of graphics cards intended for image professionals.

Numbers in the hundreds (and thousands) refer to the series (generation) of the graphics card. The higher the number, the more recent and powerful the graphics card.
Thus, a GeForce GTX 710M, Geforce 700 Series, is less recent than a GeForce GTX 950M, GeForce 900 Series.
The tens digit is indicative of the power of the graphics processor for a given generation.
According to the same architecture, the higher the number, the more powerful the processor.
Thus, the GeForce GTX 780 is more powerful than the GeForce GTX 770.

The suffix “Ti” is affixed to faster versions of GPUs, while “M” denotes a version of graphics processor for mobiles and laptops.

Understanding the performance of an Intel HD graphics processor

Intel HD Graphics Kaby Lake vs SkylakeAt Intel HD Graphics, the references of graphics processors are quite easy to understand even if they do not follow a chronological numerical order. Indeed, the HD Graphics 4000 is not newer than the HD Graphics 530.
The integrated graphics processors are in fact classified by generation, each new generation being more powerful than the previous one. So, in our example, the HD Graphics 530 is a Gen generation chip. 9, while the HD Graphics 4000 is a Gen. 7, therefore less powerful.
On the other hand, for the same generation (Gen.), digital logic is required so that the Intel HD Graphics 4600 is more efficient than the Intel HD Graphics 4200, both being graphics processors of the Gen generation. 7.5.

Despite the use of nomenclatures intended to distinguish the different references of a graphics card or an integrated graphics processor, it may happen that the names remain unclear, in which case, it is advisable to dwell on the different characteristics of the processor. graphic.

Some points of comparison between NVIDIA and Intel HD Graphics

Today, even experts are unable to compare point-by-point graphics cards/processors of different brands from their single reference, for the simple reason that their architecture is different. The references are therefore only indications, the characteristics of the internal systems allowing more evaluation of the theoretical power of a graphics processor.
But only the benchmarks are really significant because they make it possible to test different graphics cards according to the same configuration, on several games/tasks, and in the same resolution. Before any purchase, it is, therefore, necessary to refer to the tests carried out by independent sites such as Tom’s Hardware or even Digital, and not to stick to commercial rhetoric.

However, we are going to give you some ideas about the use of NVIDIA and Intel HD Graphics cards/graphics processors according to their power.

For standard use

For basic office and multimedia use, all graphics chipsets are suitable, even the oldest.
The first generations of NVIDIA GeForce GT graphics cards are sufficient. As well as the Intel HD Graphics 4000, or the more recent and powerful HD Graphics 630 will also allow you to play some resource-intensive games.

For gaming and the use of resource-intensive software

For gamers, the choice between NVIDIA and Intel HD Graphics is quickly made: NVIDIA is the reference in graphics cards for gaming.
However, some NVIDIA references do not outperform HD Graphics integrated graphics processors, like the GeForce GTX 820M, which is equivalent to the HD Graphics 4600 in terms of power. So pay attention to the internal structure of the GPU.

At present, the preferred NVIDIA graphics cards to fully enjoy video games, particularly those of the latest generations, are those of the GeForce 10 (10xx) and 20 (20xx) series.
However, some older 7 and 9 series graphics cards still offer good performance, such as the GeForce GTX 980 Ti, which is more powerful than a GeForce 1050 or a GeForce 1060.

As for 3D imaging professionals and other users whose IT business requires uncompromising graphics quality, they will prefer the professional graphics cards of the Quadro series.

NVIDIA GTX 1070 - Kiatoo
NVIDIA Geforce GTX 1070 dedicated graphics card

 

Pitfalls to avoid

Finally, it is necessary to keep several points in mind that will allow you not to be fooled by the commercial arguments of the manufacturers.
In his article How to choose a graphics card for your PC?, the Comment ça Marche website does not fail to highlight the pitfalls to avoid when choosing your graphics card. And here’s what to remember …

Prioritize GPU power over VRAM capacity

The amount of video memory does not determine the performance of the graphics card, so it is advisable to favor a newer and more powerful GPU with less VRAM, than an older and less powerful GPU with a large amount of RAM.

Favor a powerful memory over a large memory

If you have to choose between different memory capacities and different types of memory for the same GPU reference, choose a more powerful type of memory rather than a larger memory capacity. For example, it is better to favor a GeForce GT 440 GDDR5 of 1024 MB than a GeForce GT 440 GDDR3 of 2048 MB.

A difference in performance between desktop and laptop for the same reference

Also be aware that laptop graphics cards offer poorer performance than their desktop counterparts, even if the same benchmark is the same. For example, the GeForce GTX 970M (portable) corresponds to the GeForce GTX 960 version for desktop PCs. And the GeForce GTX 960M version matches the GeForce GTX 75 version, in terms of performance.

Judge a configuration as a whole

Also, remember when choosing your computer to consider the configuration as a whole (CPU + GPU) for optimal performance. There’s no need to shell out money for a graphics card that’s going to be too powerful for your computer.

 

As we advise each time, it is useful to think beforehand about the use that you are going to have of your computer in order to be able to choose the configuration that best suits you. Indeed, it is useless to take an overpowered machine if you do not need it. Then again, the choice of graphics card has such an impact on the price of a machine that it is essential to understand your graphics performance needs before making a decision.
And don’t forget to be curious and read beyond the names of cards and graphics processors by browsing sites that practice benchmarks.
You can also ask us your questions in the comments of this article, the Kiatoo team will be happy to guide you.

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